The warehousing plan should be able to achieve the fast and accurate flow of goods in the warehouse at the lowest possible cost. The realization of this goal can only be achieved through the integration strategy of logistics technology, information technology, cost control, and warehouse organization.
The logistics planning principles of the warehousing system are not static and depend on the specific situation. In certain situations, some principles are mutually influential and even contradictory. In order to make the best design, it is necessary to select and modify these principles.
System simplification principle
It is necessary to standardize packaging and logistics containers according to logistics standardization and to constitute a standard storage and transportation unit for bulk goods such as groceries, food, beverages, salt, sugar, feed, and irregularly shaped goods.
Achieving the cooperation between the loading unit and the transport vehicle’s load capacity, effective space size, the assembly unit, and the loading and unloading equipment, and the assembly unit and the storage facility will facilitate the coordination of all links in the storage system.
When relocating in a different place, it is not necessary to change the versatility, improve the versatility, reduce the handling time, reduce the loss and damage of the items, thereby saving costs, simplifying the loading and unloading subsystem, reducing the operating and maintenance costs of the system, and improving the system. Reliability to improve the efficiency of warehousing operations.
Graphic design principle
If there are no special requirements, the logistics in the storage system should be realized on the same plane, thus reducing unnecessary safety protection measures, reducing the utilization and operation efficiency and energy consumption of the lifting machinery, and improving the efficiency of the system.
Principle of separation of logistics and information flow
Modern logistics is a logistics supported by computer networks. The combination of logistics and information flow solves the problem of control of logistics flow, improves the accuracy of system operation, and improves the efficiency of system operation.
If the early separation of logistics and information flow cannot be achieved, it is required to set up corresponding logistics information reading devices in each branch and joint node of the logistics system, which will inevitably lead to redundancy and increase the cost of the system; As soon as the information flow is separated, the required information is identified once and then transmitted to each node through the computer network, which can reduce the cost of the system.
The construction of warehouses and the purchase of storage equipment require a lot of money. In order to ensure efficient operation of the storage system, it is necessary to configure highly targeted equipment; and changes in the social logistics environment may change the variety, specifications, and scale of storage.
Therefore, when re-planning, attention should be paid to the flexibility of the mechanical and mechanized systems and the possibility of expanding the scale of the warehouse.
Principle of the minimum number of material handling
Whether it is manual or automatic, each material processing takes a certain amount of time and expense, and the number of processing can be reduced by compounding operations, or by reducing unnecessary movements, or by introducing devices that can perform multiple operations simultaneously.
Short distance avoidance logistics line cross principle
The shorter the moving distance, the lower the time and cost required; avoiding the intersection of logistics lines, it can solve the problem of cross-logistics control and material waiting time, and keep the logistics smooth.
Cost and benefit principle
Investment costs and system benefits principles must be considered when building warehouses and selecting storage equipment. Minimize investment while meeting operational needs.